Tag Archives: About The Author
What is panosteitis?
Panosteitis is a bone disease. The cause is uncertain, but theories include viruses, vascular problems, parasitism, allergies, and hormonal changes. None of these causes have been proven though. The disease usually affects large breed dogs, particularly German Shepherds. It is more common in males than females. The condition usually affects long bones such as the humerus or femur. These are the bones of the upper forelimb and upper hind limb. It may also affect the lower portion of the limbs. The disease may appear to improve, only to relapse. It is usually seen in dogs between 6 and 18 months old. It can occur in older dogs though.
What causes a dog to hold it’s tail down?
There are a number of potential reasons for a dog to hold it’s tail down. Inflammation of the rectal and anal area will cause pain. The dog’s response is to tuck it’s tail. There are also glands called anal sacs that if painful may cause these symptoms. (See article on analsacculitis) A potential parasite problem could cause discomfort. If there has been a history of diarrhea or urinary tract disease the resulting discomfort would also cause this. Sometimes it may be a symptom of a musculoskeletal or neurological disease. The list could go on and on.
Are any of these conditions a reason to be concerned?
What is puppy vaginitis?
Many female puppies may have a vaginal discharge before their first heat. The discharge is a sticky, cloudy or yellow material. There is no odor and the puppy is usually not bothered by it. The discharge consists of mucus, bacteria, and white blood cells.
What is tartar?
Tartar is the hardened form of plaque. Plaque is the substance that forms on teeth after a meal.
Tartar creates two problems for your pet. First, it promotes the growth and multiplication of bacteria. These bacteria can enter the bloodstream through the gums and infect various internal organs. This may lead to heart, kidney, and liver disease. Second, tartar can buildup on the tooth. As the tartar builds up it can damage the gums and allow bacteria to invade the bone and destroy the periodontal ligament. This leads to abscesses and loss of the tooth.
Can I prevent tartar formation on my pet’s teeth?
Yes, first you should have your dog’s teeth checked by your veterinarian. The veterinarian may recommend a dental scaling and polishing (see article on Dental Disease). Your veterinarian may recommend the following procedures.
Feed dry food designed to reduce tartar formation. Prescription Diet t/da was formulated for this purpose. The kibble is large so it must be chewed rather than swallowed whole. It also contains large particles of fiber that help scrape the plaque off the tooth.
Brushing your pet’s teeth daily will also help keep the tartar away. Your veterinarian can provide you with special non-foaming toothpaste that is flavored for pets.
Use a pet mouthwash or a spray designed to reduce bacteria in the mouth. Your veterinarian can provide this also.
The most important method is to have regular dental exams and have the pet’s teeth cleaned before the tartar causes any damage to the teeth and gums. In some individuals this may need to be done every six to twelve months.
About The Author
Can dogs have problems with their teeth?
Yes, pets can have dental problems just like people do. Dogs rarely get cavities though. Most of their problems are due to tartar build up. The tartar lifts the gum away from the tooth. This allows bacteria to ascend the root of the tooth. The infection that results can lead to destruction of the periodontal ligament. This is the structure that holds the tooth to the bone. Once the periodontal ligament has been damaged the animal is likely to lose the tooth.